[1]陈同刚,朱将波,汪启年,等.江西宁都丹霞地貌地质特征及成因分析[J].华东地质,2019,40(01):27-34.[doi:10.16788/j.hddz.32-1865/P.2019.01.004]
 CHEN Tong-gang,ZHU Jiang-bo,WANG Qi-nian,et al.Geological characteristics and genesis analysis of the Ningdu Danxia landform in southern Jiangxi Province[J].East China Geology,2019,40(01):27-34.[doi:10.16788/j.hddz.32-1865/P.2019.01.004]
点击复制

江西宁都丹霞地貌地质特征及成因分析()
分享到:

《华东地质》[ISSN:2096-1871/CN:32-1865/P]

卷:
40
期数:
2019年01期
页码:
27-34
栏目:
基础地质
出版日期:
2019-03-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Geological characteristics and genesis analysis of the Ningdu Danxia landform in southern Jiangxi Province
文章编号:
2096-1871(2019)01-027-08
作者:
陈同刚 朱将波汪启年延海涛刘玉泉官大维
(安徽省勘查技术院,合肥 230031)
Author(s):
CHEN Tong-gang ZHU Jiang-bo WANG Qi-nian YAN Hai-tao LIU Yu-quan GUAN Da-wei
(Institute of Exploration Technology of Anhui Province, Hefei 230031, China)
关键词:
丹霞地貌 地质特征 成因分析 宁都
Keywords:
Danxia landform geological characteristic genesis analysis Ningdu
分类号:
P931; X14
DOI:
10.16788/j.hddz.32-1865/P.2019.01.004
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
通过电磁测深和野外地质调查,从物质基础、构造作用和外营力作用等方面阐述江西宁都丹霞地貌景观的地质特征,探讨丹霞地貌主要的成景地层和形成模式,并与东南部邻近地区典型丹霞地貌进行对比。研究表明:宁都地区丹霞地貌的成景地层主要是晚白垩世河口组和塘边组,地壳抬升使红层暴露于地表,在流水侵蚀、崩塌等地质作用下,塑造了如今的丹霞美景。与东南部邻近地区典型丹霞地貌对比,发现受地理条件和丹霞地貌发育演化阶段控制,宁都丹霞地貌与东南部邻近地区典型丹霞地貌既具有共同性,也具有其独特性。新生代以来,该区整体缓慢抬升,白垩纪燕山运动—喜马拉雅运动期间,受NE—NNE向断裂带活动影响,发育切割红层的多级断裂和节理。宁都地区属亚热带湿润气候,降雨量丰富,在赣江及其支流共同作用下,不同的岩性组合经差异风化剥蚀形成赤壁丹霞和红层丘陵地貌景观。这对进一步开发和保护地学旅游资源,支撑赣州脱贫攻坚工作,以及对比研究中国东南部地区丹霞地貌特征具有重要意义。
Abstract:
The development of tourism has promoted the research on basic geology of Danxia landform in recent years. Ningdu County of southern Jiangxi Province is famous for its unique Danxia landform scenery. Through electromagnetic sounding and field geological survey, this study analyzed the geological characteristics of the Danxia landform and landscape in aspects of material foundation, tectonic action and geological forces, discussed the main scene-forming strata and modes of the Danxia landform, and compared them with the typical Danxia landforms in adjacent areas. The study shows that the main strata of the Ningdu Danxia landform consist mainly of upper Cretaceous Hekou and Tangbian Formations, the crust uplift resulted in exposure of red bed strata, and geological processes(such as water erosion, collapse, etc)gave rise to the formation of present Danxia landform. Comparison with typical Danxia landforms in the southeastern regions suggests that the Danxia landforms in Ningdu County has its own unique characteristics besides common features of the Danxia landforms, due to controlling effect of geological and geographical condition and development stages of Danxia landform. The whole region had been in a slow uplifting process since the Cenozoic, and multi-level fractures and joints were developed within the redbed strata due to activity of NE to NNE trending fault zone during the period from the Cretaceous Yanshan movement to the Himalayan movement. The Ningdu region belongs to the subtropical humid climate zone, with abundant rainfall. Under the interaction of the Ganjiang River and its tributaries, the Danxia landforms and redbed hills were formed in different lithology arrangements, weathered and denuded at different speeds in the Danxia strata. This study is of great significance not only to further develop and protect geosciences and tourism resources, but also to support poverty alleviation in Ganzhou city and carry out further comparative study of Danxia landforms in southeastern China.

参考文献/References:

[1] 齐德利,于蓉,张忍顺,等.中国丹霞地貌空间格局[J].地理学报,2005,60(1):41-52.
[2] 彭华.丹霞地貌的概念、研究历史和存在问题[C]∥第一届丹霞地貌国际学术讨论会会议论文(第一卷),2009:163-172.
[3] 彭华.中国南方湿润区红层地貌及相关问题探讨[J].地理研究,2011,30(10):1739-1752.
[4] 郭永春,谢强,文江泉.我国红层分布特征及主要工程地质问题[J].水文地质工程地质,2007(6): 67-71.
[5] 吴尚时,曾昭璇.粤北红色岩系之地质与地形[J].地学集刊,1948(6):13-45.
[6] 钟凯,刘爱萍,谢强.红层边坡风化剥落过程的调查与试验研究[J].路基工程,2000(4):53-56.
[7] 彭华.丹霞地貌分类系统研究 [J].经济地理,2002,22(Z):28-36.
[8] 黄进.丹霞地貌发育几个重要问题的定量测算[J].热带地理,2004,24(2):127-130.
[9] 姜勇彪,郭福生,胡中华,等.龙虎山世界地质公园丹霞地貌特征及与国内其他丹霞地貌的对比[J].山地学报,2009,27(3):353-360.
[10] 姜勇彪,郭福生,孙传敏,等.江西弋阳县龟峰丹霞地貌景观特征与形成机制探讨[J].山地学报,2008,26(1):120-126.
[11] 张国庆,田明中,郭福生,等.江西省丹霞地貌的空间格局及地学背景[J].资源与产业,2007,9(4):27-30.
[12] 郭福生,姜勇彪,胡中华,等.龙虎山世界地质公园丹霞地貌成景系统特征及其演化[J].山地学报,2011,29(2):195-201.
[13] 姜勇彪,郭福生,胡中华,等.江西信江盆地红层及其地貌发育研究[J].资源调查与环境,2010,31(4):235-244.
[14] 张松,郭福生,姜勇彪.江西省龟峰丹霞地貌景观类型与成因分析[J].资源调查与环境,2008,29(1):69-75.
[15] 彭华,潘志新,闫罗彬,等.国内外红层与丹霞地貌研究述评[J].地理学报,2013,68(9):1170-1181.
[16] 彭华.中国南方湿润区红层地貌及相关问题探讨[J].地理研究,2011,30(10):1739-1752.
[17] 郭福生,朱志军,黄宝华,等.江西信江盆地白垩系沉积体系及其与丹霞地貌的关系[J].沉积学报,2013,31(6):954-964.
[18] 吴富江,王迪文,张芳荣,等.中华人民共和国区域地质调查报告1:250 000广昌县幅[R].南昌:江西省地质调查研究院,2007:104-255.
[19] 吕少伟,李晓勇.江西龙虎山地质公园丹霞地貌类型及发育模式[J].地球科学前沿,2012(2): 74-80.
[20] 马杏垣,刘和甫,王维襄,等.中国东部中新生代裂陷作用和伸展构造[J].地质学报,1983(1):22-32.
[21] 江西省地质矿产局.江西省区域地质志[M].北京:地质出版社,1984:706-725.
[22] 刘江龙.中国东南部丹霞地貌形成机理及其地学效应研究[D].长沙:中南大学,2009:45-46.
[23] 田毓仁,刘成东,严兆彬,等.浙江省江山市江郎山地质遗迹资源特征及成景机制探讨[J].地球学报,2010,31(4):585-592.
[24] 吕文,朱诚,彭华,等.浙江江山市江郎山岩石岩性特征及其对丹霞地貌形成的影响[J].矿物岩石地球化学通报,2009,28(4):349-355.
[25] 沈鹏飞.南雄—丹霞盆地白垩纪沉积序列演化特征及其对南海构造转换的响应[D].北京:中国地质大学(北京),2014:25-33.
[26] 吴甲添,刘建雄,廖示庭.丹霞盆地地质特征和演化[J].中国区域地质,2001,20(3):274-279.
[27] 姜勇彪. 江西信江盆地丹霞地貌研究[D].成都:成都理工大学,2010:55-85.
[28] 余心起,舒良树,邓平.中国东南部侏罗纪—第三纪陆相地层沉积特征[J].地层学杂志,2003,27(3):254-263.
[29] 俞云文,徐步台.浙江中生代晚期火山—沉积岩系层序和时代[J].地层学杂志,1999,23(2):136-145.
[30] 李扬鉴,张星亮,陈延成.中国东部中新生代盆—山系及有关地质现象的成因机制[J].中国区域地质,1996(1):88-95.
[31] 王德发,陈建文.中国中东部中、新生代盆地分布及沉积体系类型[J].地球科学,1996,21(4):395-400.
[32] 刘训.中国东部中新生代沉积建造及构造发展[J].中国区域地质,1983(4):5-21.
[33] 刘少峰.前陆盆地的形成机制和充填演化[J].地球科学进展,1993,8(4):30-37.
[34] 刘和甫.中国沉积盆地演化与旋回动力学环境[J].地球科学,1996,21(4):345-356.
[35] 李中轩,闫慧,朱诚,等.浙江江郎山峡谷的成因及其地貌指示意义[J].信阳师范学院学报(自然科学版),2010,23(4):546-549.
[36] 黄瑞红.丹霞盆地地貌趋势面分析[J].中山大学学报(自然科学版),1996(Z):104-109.

相似文献/References:

[1]周玉龙,高 琰.赣中相山矿田梅峰山地区地质特征及找矿前景[J].华东地质,2016,37(02):131.[doi:10.16788/j.hddz.32-1865/P.2016.02.007]
 ZHOU Yu-long,GAO Yan.Geological features and prospecting potentials of the Meifengshan area in the Xiangshan ore field, central Jiangxi Province[J].East China Geology,2016,37(01):131.[doi:10.16788/j.hddz.32-1865/P.2016.02.007]
[2]邓必荣,程 巍,廖辉宝,等.西藏日土县阿汝村东剪切带型铜金矿的发现、地质特征及意义[J].华东地质,2016,37(03):198.[doi:10.16788/j.hddz.32-1865/P.2016.03.006]
 DENG Bi-rong,CHENG Wei,LIAO Hui-bao WANG Kang.Discovery and geological characteristics of shear zone type copper-gold deposit in eastern Aru Village, Rutog County, Tibet, and their geological significance[J].East China Geology,2016,37(01):198.[doi:10.16788/j.hddz.32-1865/P.2016.03.006]
[3]刘俊生,刘海波,袁钟池.江西会昌县高岭土矿地质特征及其开发利用价值[J].华东地质,2017,38(01):45.[doi:10.16788/j.hddz.32-1865/P.2017.01.006]
 LIU Jun-sheng,LIU Hai-bo,YUAN Zhong-chi.Geologic features of the Kaolin ore deposits in Huichang County, Jiangxi Province and their values of development and utilization[J].East China Geology,2017,38(01):45.[doi:10.16788/j.hddz.32-1865/P.2017.01.006]
[4]夏立元.安徽滁州李集—三合集地区绢云母矿床地质特征及成矿模式[J].华东地质,2017,38(02):117.[doi:10.16788/j.hddz.32-1865/P.2017.02.005]
 XIA Li-yuan.Geological characteristics and mineralization model of sericite ore deposits in the Liji-Sanheji area, Chuzhou, Anhui Province[J].East China Geology,2017,38(01):117.[doi:10.16788/j.hddz.32-1865/P.2017.02.005]
[5]袁 晶,吕 鑫,晏俊灵,等.江西钨矿床主要成因类型及找矿潜力分析[J].华东地质,2017,38(04):288.[doi:10.16788/j.hddz.32-1865/P.2017.04.007 江西钨矿床主要成因类型]
 YUAN Jing,Lü Xin,YAN Jun-ling,et al.The main genetic types of tungsten deposits and prospecting potential of resources in Jiangxi Province[J].East China Geology,2017,38(01):288.[doi:10.16788/j.hddz.32-1865/P.2017.04.007 江西钨矿床主要成因类型]
[6]黄建平.建省南靖县南坑钼矿床地质特征及找矿标志[J].华东地质,2019,40(01):35.[doi:10.16788/j.hddz.32-1865/P.2019.01.005]
 Huang Jian-ping.Geological characteristics of the Nankeng molybdenum ore deposit in Nanjing County, Fujian Province, and its indicators for prospecting[J].East China Geology,2019,40(01):35.[doi:10.16788/j.hddz.32-1865/P.2019.01.005]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*收稿日期:2018-01-26 修订日期:2018-03-20 责任编辑:谭桂丽
基金项目:中国地质调查局“武夷山成矿带龙泉—上杭地区地质矿产调查(编号:DD20160037)”项目资助。
第一作者简介:陈同刚,1988年生,男,工程师,主要从事地质调查及物探找矿工作。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-01-16